Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR):

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a set of medical procedures that attempt to restart the heartbeat and breathing of a person who has no heartbeat and has stopped breathing. Such procedures may include the following:

  • Chest compressions to mimic the heart’s functions and cause blood to circulate
  • Inserting an airway into the mouth and throat, or inserting a tube into the windpipe
  • Ventilating artificially, through mouth-to-mouth or other mechanically assisted breathing
  • Using drugs and/or electric shock (defibrillation) to stimulate the heart
  • CPR can be life-saving in certain cases for otherwise healthy people but is much less effective when a person is very frail/elderly or has a serious chronic illness.
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